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Endangered   Threatened   Extinct in the wild
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Name: Cougar
Scientific name: Puma concolor
Alias(es): Puma, mountain lion
Status: Normal
Time of status: 
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Superphylum Deuterostomia
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Eutheria
Superclass Laurasiatheria
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Suborder Feliformia
Family Felidae
Subfamily Felinae
Genus Puma
Species Puma concolor
Status description It is populous in the western cordillera, even though it was hunted close to extinction, much like the wolf.
Breeding method Live birth after 91 days of gestation.
Breeding time Late winter, early spring
Predators Humans
Diet Meat (scavenged, hunted, found); competes with wolves, or jaguars
Physical description They look like a house cat, agile, and slim, weighs an average of 60kg, but cases of double that have been recorded.
Size They are 2.5m long, and 0.6m to 0.8m tall. Females are smaller than males.
Life span They live 8 to 10 years in the wild, and about 20 years in captivity. A wild cougar was recorded as 18 years old when caught. One cougar lived nearly 30 years before he died.
Distribution Western North/South America
Reproduction They mate annually, and the female takes care of the kits on her own.
Social structure They are solitary animals.
Feeding adaptations The kit is weaned at three months.
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Cougars look a lot like house cats. 

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